Chronic Disease

Chronic diseases are defined as diseases that persist over a long period of time or reoccur. Some diseases are caused by pathogens germs, while others are caused by behaviors, environment, or genetics. Chronic diseases require ongoing medical attention and can limit activities of daily living. 

While many illnesses are considered chronic, these four groups of disease account for over 80% of all premature chronic disease deaths: 

Most chronic diseases can be prevented by eating well, being physically active, avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, and obtaining adequate sleep. Management, including detection, routine screening, and treatment is critical for treatment and early detection.